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Hofstötter, Korchynska, Bil: Baron – Music for Lute Solo & Lute and Recorder (24/44 FLAC)

Hofstötter, Korchynska, Bil: Baron - Music for Lute Solo & Lute and Recorder (24/44 FLAC)

Hofstötter, Korchynska, Bil: Baron – Music for Lute Solo & Lute and Recorder (24/44 FLAC)

Composer: Ernst Gottlieb Baron
Performer: Bernhard Hofstötter, Bozhena Korchynska, Mariya Bil
Format: FLAC (tracks)
Label: Brilliant Classics
Catalogue: 96080
Release: 2022
Size: 637 MB
Recovery: +3%
Scan: cover

Concerto for Lute and Recorder in D Minor
01. I. Adagio
02. II. Allegro
03. III. Siciliana
04. IV. Gigue

Concerto for­ Lute, Flute and Cello in G Major
05. I. Concerto
06. II. Largo
07. III. Allegro

Sonata for Lute solo in B-Flat Major
08. I. Fantasia
09. II. Allegro
10. III. Bourée
11. IV. Aria
12. V. Rondeau
13. VI. Tempo di Menuet

Sonata for Lute and Flute in G Major
14. I. Allemande
15. II. Courante
16. III. March
17. IV. Menuet avec Trio
18. V. Loure
19. VI. Gigue

Partie for Lute Solo in F Major
20. I. Entrée
21. II. Poco Allegro
22. III. Sarabande Adagio
23. IV. Menuet

Concerto for Lute, Oboe and Cello in C Minor
24. I. Concerto
25. II. Molto Adagio
26. III. Vivace

Duet for Lute and Flute in G Major
27. I. Allegro
28. II. Adagio
29. III. Presto

Though the music of Ernst Gottlieb Baron (1696–1760) is scarcely known to the wider public, the complete edition of his surviving compositions presented by Jan W. J. Burgers in 2005 (which forms the basis for the recordings here) offers an excellent opportunity to study and perform the works of this late Baroque master and restore them to the status they deserve. Though it can be assumed a large portion of his work was lost, with around a dozen suites for solo lute and ten ensemble pieces with obbligato lute, Baron’s extant oeuvre is nonetheless substantial.


In the solo compositions, we predominantly find short, mostly two-part pieces in a late Baroque idiom. While these “simple” suites, likely intended for pupils, offer little justification for Baron’s contemporaries having ranked him among the most important German composers of his day, the solo compositions also include works of a very different quality. The first four movements of the Suite [Partie] in F recorded here draw on wide-ranging melodic arcs and expressive modulations. The Suite [Sonata] in B-flat is a special case: it is attributed by the original copyist to Silvius Leopold Weiss, and to Baron only by a later copyist (apparently J. G. I. Breitkopf). But it has been rightly pointed out that the presumed authorship of Weiss does not stand up to a stylistic comparison.


Baron’s ensemble works include eight suites or sonatas for lute and melody instrument (recorder, transverse flute, violin or oboe), with a cello at times added as a bass part. In some of these works the treatment of the lute part is particularly virtuosic, assigning the lute an important role in the melodic composition. Baron’s surviving chamber music shows him as a master of the “galant” style and offers attractive and original music from a time in which the lute was already losing ground before disappearing completely from concert life in the second half of the 18th century, soon after Baron’s death.


Ernst Gottlieb Baron (1696 –1760) was a German lutenist, composer and writer on music. Baron was born in Breslau into the family of Michael Baron, a maker of gold lace. He showed an inclination to music from an early age, and later made it his profession. He studied lute from about 1710 with a Bohemian named Kohott, and from 1715 attended the University of Leipzig, where he studied philosophy and law. He spent the period from 1719 to 1728 in travels from one small court to another. He visited Halle, Köthen, Schleiz, Saalfeld and Rudolstadt, Kassel, Fulda, Würzburg, Nuremberg and Regensburg, returning in 1727 to Nuremberg where he published his Historisch-theoretische und practische Untersuchung des Instruments der Lauten, the work for which he is principally remembered. In 1737 he joined the musical ensemble of Crown Prince Frederick of Prussia as a theorbist, where he remained till his death.


This new recording presents works for lute solo, or in combination with other instruments: solo sonatas, a concerto for lute, flute and cello, a concerto for lute and recorder, a concerto for lute, oboe and cello and other works. They show Baron as a master of the “galant” style and offer attractive and original music from a time when the lute was losing ground before it was to disappear completely from concert life in the second half of the 18th century, soon after Baron’s death.

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